The last has a rather Sunny weather. Six seasons may be clearly distinguished: a snowy winter of one to three months; an early spring of one or two months, with alternating wintry and springlike conditions; a predominantly sunny spring; a warm summer with plenty of rain and sunshine; a sunny, warm autumn; and a foggy, humid period signifying the approach of winter. Climate data and weather averages in Ruda Śląska. The European bison, or wisent, which once roamed widely across the continent but became extinct in the wild following World War I, once again roams the great Białowieża (Belarusian: Belovezhskaya) Forest in national parks on both sides of the Polish-Belarusian border, having been reintroduced by using zoo-bred animals. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. In Krakow, the climate is cold and temperate. EURACTIV’s media partner, Climate Home News, reports. First Choice  FloridaTix  Hoseasons  James Villas  Jet2holidays  Love Holidays  On the Beach  Rail Europe - formerly Loco2  RHS  Saga Holidays  TUI  Virgin Atlantic  VRBO (formerly HomeAway)  More... We help you find the best travel deals for your holiday in the sun by sharing tips on when and where to go, before providing you with top discounts. The traditional provinces of Silesia and Pomerania were home to a significant minority of Germans. The wettest month is June with an average of 80mm of rain.. Snow covers the mountainous area in the south of Poland (mid … The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 24°C (76°F). The January 1863 uprising and its aftermath, Accommodation with the ruling governments, From the Treaty of Versailles to the Treaty of Riga, Białowieża (Belarusian: Belovezhskaya) Forest. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year. Find the best time to visit Poland Among the vertebrate fauna are nearly 400 species, including many types of mammals and more than 200 native birds. Precipitation in Poland averaged 50.69 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 159.48 mm in July of 2011 and a record low of 3.42 mm in November of 2011. In the mountains the vegetation, like the climate, is determined by elevation. Kashubians live west of Gdańsk near the Baltic Sea. Poland’s animal life belongs to the European–West Siberian zoogeographic province, itself part of the Palearctic subregion, and is closely linked with the vegetation cover. A series of barometric depressions moves eastward along the polar front year-round, dividing the subtropical from the colder air and bringing to Poland, as to other parts of northern Europe, cloudy, wet days. C (63.5 F). It’s the hottest month of the year. The climate guide for Krakow, Poland shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Winter in Poland is cold and snowy. Sunshine reaches its maximum over the Baltic in summer and the Carpathians in winter, and mean annual temperatures range from 46 °F (8 °C) in the southwestern lowlands to 44 °F (7 °C) in the colder northeast. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of -6.3 °C. In winter, snow makes up about half the total precipitation in the plains and almost all of it in the mountains. The climate of the mountains is determined by altitude. Pollution in eastern Europe, 1980s and 1990s. Poland is the fifth-most populous country of the European Union and the ninth-largest country in Europe by area. Several areas of central Poland, where cement is produced and brown coal (lignite) is burned, also were contaminated by air pollution. Warm, dry, subtropical-continental air often brings pleasant days in late summer and autumn. You can count on many sunny days and many rainy days and don’t be surprised when the summer turns out to be quite hot or quite rainy. The average annual temperature is about 6-8 degrees Celsius with the rainfall estimated at 700 mm. There are small numbers of Slovaks, Czechs, and Armenians. Summers see an average temperature of about 20°C to 27°C. Poland's highest point is Mount Rysy, at 2,499 km. The climate of the mountains is determined by altitude. Significant reduction in the emission of pollutants occurred, however, as a consequence of the rapid fall in industrial production in the early 1990s, following the abandonment of communism and the introduction of economic reforms. Poland - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. The major elements involved are oceanic air masses from the west, cold polar air from Scandinavia or Russia, and warmer, subtropical air from the south. Warsaw, Poland - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at Warsaw, Poland Find out more about our data sources. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Brown bears live in the Carpathian Mountains. Topog In all the towns and cities, there were large concentrations of Yiddish-speaking Jews. The warmest areas of the country are the Silesian Lowland and Sandomierska Upland, while the “coldest pole” of Poland is the town of Suwalki on the north-eastern edge of the country. Situated in the southeast are communities of Roma (Gypsy), in Małopolskie województwo (province), and Ruthenians, in Podkarpackie province. The northeastern limits of certain trees—notably beech, fir, and the variety of oak known as pedunculate—run through Polish territory. Now, in the 21st century, most communities of non-Poles are dispersed but reside in the border provinces, primarily in the south. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In Warsaw, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. The average monthly temperature in July is 19 degrees Celsius (66° Fahrenheit), but sometimes in the summer the temperatures rises to 30 degrees Celsius (86° Fahrenheit… This page includes a chart with historical data for Poland Average Precipitation. Poland is a country that extends across the North European Plain from the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains in the south to the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea in the north. Winters can get bitterly cold with the north seeing average winter temps of 3°C and the south falling to averages of -8°C. Coal generates about 80 percent of Poland's electricity, but the country is under growing pressure from the EU to slash emissions. The overall climate of Poland has a transitional—and highly variable—character between maritime and continental types. Winter in Poland. The greatest amount of sunshine in summer is to be found on the Baltic coast, whilst in winter in the Carpathian Mountains. July is the most wet month. Wildcats live in the mountain woods, and the chamois and marmot are found at the highest levels. Long-term development of temperatures from 1954 - 2019 Averages are for Warsaw Okecie Airport, which is 5 miles from Warsaw. There are few endemic species; the Polish larch (Larix polonica) and the Ojców birch (Betula oycoviensis) are two examples. *affiliate links: find out how we are funded and why this helps us remain free to use. The rainfall here averages 678 mm. [1781841] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Dfb. In Silesia a significant segment of the population tends to declare itself as Silesian or German according to political circumstances. Precipitation in Poland decreased to 24.66 mm in December from 53.34 mm in November of 2015. Annual Weather Averages Near Gdańsk. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Viator deals: Top things to do in Krakow. Most rainfall in the Eastern regions of the country and South mountain areas. Belarusians and Lithuanians live in areas adjoining Belarus and Lithuania, respectively. Deer and wild pigs roam the woods; elk inhabit the coniferous forests of the northeast; and steppe rodents, such as the brindled gopher, live in the south. On the Baltic coast due to the influence of the Atlantic, the climate is much milder. Fir and beech woods give way to the spruce of the upper woods, which in turn fade into subalpine, alpine, and snow-line vegetation. Average Weather in Warsaw Poland. The hottest month is July with the average temperature standing at 17.5 deg. More than one-fourth of the country is wooded, with the majority set aside as public property. The is a great deal of rainfall in Krakow, even in the driest month. The average air temperatures amount to 6 - 8.5°C for a year, the annual rainfall is 500 - 700 mm, of which snow constitutes only 5 - 20%. Winters are dry and cold. This page includes a chart with historical data for Poland Average Temperature. Some relics of tundra vegetation have been preserved in the peat bogs and mountains. The Polish ethnographic area stretched eastward: in Lithuania, Belarus, and western Ukraine, all of which had a mixed population, Poles predominated not only in the cities but also in numerous rural districts. The territory of Poland covers approximately 312,696 km2, of which 98.52% is land and 1.48% is water. Incoming Commission President Ursula von der Leyen wants the bloc to become climate neutral by 2050 — Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary are resisting. In the northeast there are portions of the eastern European subtaiga, with spruce as a characteristic component. Poland lies in the zone of mixed forests, but in the southeast a fragment of the forest-steppe vegetation zone intrudes. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. Warsaw and Zakopane are the wettest regions in Poland during the summer. Temperature in Poland averaged 7.48 celsius from 1743 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 22.51 celsius in July of 2006 and a record low of -13.11 celsius in February of 1929. Holarctic elements (i.e., those pertaining to the temperate belt of the Northern Hemisphere) are dominant among the seed plants. Poland is located on the dividing line between a moderate oceanic climate (north and west) and a dry continental climate (south and east). There were significant Polish minorities in Daugavpils (in Latvia), Minsk (in Belarus), and Kiev (in Ukraine). Rapid industrialization following World War II in Poland, as well as in neighbouring Czech Republic, Slovakia, and eastern Germany, severely polluted many areas of the country. Variation in diurnal temperature ranges from -10 degrees (night) to 0 degrees (during the day). Brittany Ferries  Cruise Nation  DFDS  English Heritage  Enterprise  Explore! Poland climate guide. Warsaw, Poland - Average Annual Weather - Holiday Weather Warsaw, Poland: Annual Weather Averages July is the hottest month in Warsaw with an average temperature of 18°C (64°F) and the coldest is February at -2.5°C (28°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 8 in June. By the late 20th century, the Polish Academy of Sciences had described Poland as one of the most polluted countries in the world. In winter the daytime temperature is between-2 and + 2 °C. Most rain falls at the start of summer. Winters are usually cold, with temperatures well below freezing, and more or less snowy. In the mountains, at any time of year, the climate is dependent on the altitude. This month should be avoided if you are not a big fan of rain. The wettest month is July with an average of 69mm of rain.. Poland Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. Poland sees an average daily temperature of 19°C (around 65°F), warm and pleasant to get outside and enjoy the warmer days, seeing the sights of the city. In winter, polar-continental air often becomes dominant, bringing crisp, frosty weather, with still colder Arctic air following in its wake. Maximum temperature yesterday: 48 °F (at 12:30 pm) Minimum temperature yesterday: 41 °F (at 11:30 pm) Average temperature yesterday: 46 °F The vegetation of Poland that has developed since the last Ice Age consists of some 2,250 species of seed plants, 630 mosses, 200 liverworts, 1,200 lichens, and 1,500 fungi. Averages are for Katowice Airport, which is 17 miles from Ruda Śląska. The climate guide for Zakopane, Poland shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Musicians in traditional dress performing in the Main Market Square, Kraków, Poland. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of 2°C (36°F). Ukrainians are scattered in various southwestern and northern districts. Poland lies in a moderate zone with mixed continental and oceanic climate influences. The highs for the month reach all the way to 25°C (about 77°F) and the lows drop down to 12°C (about 54°F). Conversely, there is a large Polish diaspora, notably in the United States. Warsaw Temperature Yesterday. The country’s major rivers remain badly polluted by industrial and urban effluents, and Poland’s cities and larger towns are major sources of pollution. The further east you go, the colder it gets. Annual Weather Averages Near Warsaw. Poland’s climate is temperate with warm (sometimes very hot) summers, crisp, sunny autumns and cold winters. Before World War II the Polish lands were noted for the richness and variety of their ethnic communities. Much higher levels of respiratory disease, abnormal pregnancy, and infant mortality have been reported in areas of environmental degradation. Annual Weather Averages Near Ruda Śląska. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Poland with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Poland for next month - January. Coastal sea temperatures around Poland Ocean temperature and marine climate data is provided daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration New airline routes & holiday destinations for 2021, 9 of the world's spookiest tours to try this Halloween, TUI: £150 off Aruba + summer & winter sun deals, Book flexible flight, train & bus tickets, VRBO: Holiday rentals with free cancellation, easyJet sale: Top offers on flights in 2021/2022, Marella Cruises: Free amends on summer 2021, Where to go in 2021: Top destinations to rediscover travel, Where to go on holiday in February for the best weather, Where to book family holidays with free child places, Where to go on holiday in January for the best weather, coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Poland, Enjoy Travel discount code: 6% off car hire worldwide, Save EXTRA 6% on car hire worldwide with Enjoy Travel, Book car hire for destinations in the UK, Europe & beyond, Discount code cannot be combined with other promotions. Poland has a moderate climate with both maritime and continental elements. discount code: £15 off hotel bookings. Get your weekly fix of holiday inspiration from leading travel writers. The climate of Poland is maritime and sometimes continental determined by the geographical location. Summer, from June to August, is mild or pleasantly warm: the average daily temperatures are around 17/19 °C (63/66 °F). In addition, minority ethnic identity was not cultivated publicly until after the collapse of communism in 1989. Back to overview: Poland West Pomerania is one of the warmest region in Poland with an average daily high temperature of 14 degrees centigrade. The problems of environmental degradation were not officially recognized until the early 1970s and were not addressed until the Solidarity movement began agitating in the early 1980s. Poland and Hungary could block efforts to strengthen the EU’s 2030 climate goal over a separate dispute on democratic standards. As a consequence, the population of Poland became one of the most ethnically homogeneous in the world. In certain parts of parts Southern Poland, like in Tarnow and Warsaw, the average temperature during the summer season is as high as 30 degrees whereas, in Krakow, the temperature rises to around 23 degrees in summer. Average temperatures and seasonal weather for Poland climate information. Pollution has also reduced crop yields and adversely affected tree growth in many of the forests in the Sudeten and western Carpathians. Find out more about our data sources. Throughout the decade the government implemented antipollution policies, such as closing the most damaging industrial plants. In the southeast, Ukrainian settlements predominated in the regions east of Chełm and in the Carpathian Mountains east of Nowy Sącz. The Jewish community, now almost entirely Polonized, has been greatly reduced and can be found in major cities. Article content. The Polish coastline was estimated at 770 km in length. The annual average precipitation is about 24 inches (610 mm), but in the mountains the figure approaches 31 to 47 inches (787 to 1,194 mm), dropping to about 18 inches (457 mm) in the central lowlands. View all Enjoy Travel offers, Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches), Get your weekly fix of holiday inspiration from some of the world's best travel writers plus save on your next trip with the latest exclusive offers. In Poland, it is usual to have about 5.9 degrees more at -0.4 °C for this three-month period. Upper Silesia and Kraków, in particular, had suffered some of the highest levels of atmospheric and groundwater pollution in Europe. Krakow, Poland - Average Annual Weather - Holiday Weather Krakow, Poland: Annual Weather Averages July is the hottest month in Krakow with an average temperature of 18.5°C (65°F) and the coldest is January at -2.5°C (28°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in July. WARSAW — Poland achieved its goals during EU climate negotiations, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said on Friday, after Poland held up EU talks all night to ensure its conditions for more support in its climate transition were met. Sunshine reaches its maximum over the Baltic in summer and the Carpathians in winter, and mean annual temperatures range from 46 °F (8 °C) in the southwestern lowlands to 44 °F (7 °C) in the colder northeast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 76°F and is rarely below 7°F or above 86°F. The war, however, killed vast numbers of people, precipitated massive migrations, and radically altered borders. The average temperature in Krakow is 8.2 °C. Averages are for Gdansk-Rebiechowo, which is 8 miles from Gdańsk. Virtually all of Poland’s people claim Polish nationality, with Polish as their native tongue. The warmest areas in Poland are the Silesian Lowland and Sandomierska Upland, while the coldest spot is in the north-eastern edge of the country in Suwalki. Varying types of air masses collide over Poland, influencing the character of both weather and climate.

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